Foods are vital to every individual’s daily life. Being a physiological need for humans to survive, foods are responsible sustaining nutrition to the body through consumption. It helps in ensuring that the human body system works and function as needed for us to survive, converting it into useful energy which our body uses to function normally.
Nowadays, food is still very essential to our daily life. And due to its ‘essentiality’ to our daily lives, concerns about how safe foods are, is becoming a major concern not only in the United States but also worldwide.
In the US, a statistical report by the CDC about Food Poisoning shows that around 76 million cases were recorded annually due to food related illnesses – 5,000 of which resulted to death, and 1,800 of which were caused by Salmonella, Listeria and Toxoplasma.
Basic Ways to Ensure Food Safety
- a. Cleaning your hands is one of the basic fundamentals of ensuring food safety. In several cases, food poisoning was caused by inappropriate food handling which involves the proper cleaning of your hands.
- b. Utensils to be used should also be clean and sanitized appropriately to kill bacteria that may be present on it. Dishwashers are one of the effective ways to sanitize kitchen utensils.
- c. Clean your veggies and fruits before peeling. This is to avoid bacteria from the surface to spread also inside the surface of your fruits or veggies.
- a. Use separate plates for different kinds of produce. Meats, seafood, poultry produce, vegetables and fruits should all be separated to avoid cross-contamination among each food.
- b. Separation of these foods should be observed from grocery stores, to your refrigerator even after washing all the produce. Make sure that you use and put them on the right containers when putting them at your fridge.
- a. If possible, use a food thermometer to determine food temperature. Bacteria on foods are only killed at a certain temperature level – so knowing the temperature where bacteria can survived can help you kill off bacteria from food effectively.
- b. Keep your food hot after cooking. This also prevents bacteria from spreading fast on your food. Most bacteria can actually spread faster at 40 to 140 degrees Fahrenheit.
- c. When reheating a food, reheat it thoroughly up to 165 degrees Fahrenheit or possible even higher to kill bacteria that are present in the food.
- Chilling / Preserving
Refrigerate perishable goods to slow down the spread of bacteria on the food. Several bacteria slow down and even stops spreading a certain low temperature which makes chilling a good way to preserve certain foods.